The respiratory system begins from the nose and extends to mouth down to the diaphragm, just above the abdomen. There are many parts in the respiratory system, and you never know when things can go wrong in your lungs. All of these are dealt with by a pulmonologist. So, ideally, Pulmonologists diagnose and treat the illnesses related to our respiratory system.

Types of Pulmonology Diseases:

A pulmonologist will start by recognizing which category of disease it is. There are three categories.

Diseases that affect the airways

When we inhale oxygen, the air is carried through a network of tubes down to the bronchioles. Further, it transfers to alveoli, where it is assimilated in the blood for circulation. It is a disease that causes a blockage in the airways. A unifying symptom of all airway diseases is equal to the sensation of breathing through a straw.

Diseases that affect the tissue

The lungs are made up of tissues that support their framework and help exchange gases. Scarring or inflammation of the lung tissues is a sign of diseases from this category. These diseases often result in reduced lung capacity.

Diseases that affect the circulation

Breathing is the exchange of gases between the environment and our blood. Lungs replace carbon dioxide in the blood with the oxygen we inhale from our environment. This requires a steady flow of blood to the lungs. The network of blood vessels carries this blood to and from the lungs. This makes it a target point of diseases. It can be a clotting disorder or something that results in scarring or inflammation of the blood vessels. A common symptom is the feeling of shortness of breath when one exerts themselves physically.

Diseases Related to Pulmonology

Some of the common diseases are:


Pneumonia is an infection primarily caused by a bactera or virus that causes inflammation in the alveoli of the lungs. Alveoli are the minor structure in the lungs. They are the sites for the gaseous exchange of carbon dioxide and oxygen. Pneumonia can lead to coughing and wheezing, fever, and difficulty breathing.


Asthma is a fairly common pulmonary condition in which the affected individual has difficulty in breathing. Asthma blocks the airways of the lungs and causes swelling. In most cases, asthma can be easily managed using medicines.

Lung Cancer

Cancer is caused when there is an abnormal growth of cells that can form tumorous masses. While many cancer forms are now treatable, lung cancer is challenging to treat once it spreads throughout the organ, lungs. Lung cancers are also prone to metastasizing and spreading to other parts of the body.


This is a form of a bacterial disease that spreads through the air in the tiny droplets of spit and mucus when the infected individual sneezes or coughs.


Bronchitis, as the name suggests, attacks the bronchi in the lungs. Most cases of bronchitis are a result of a viral infection. Inflammation of the bronchus leads to coughing, wheezing, and trouble breathing.


Granulomata are the sign of sarcoidosis. They are abnormal growth of cells that form lumps in the lung, skin, or lymph nodes. Although the cause of the disease is unknown, it is treatable. Sarcoidosis starts in the lungs but can spread to other parts of the body.

Treating Lung Diseases

A regular physician can recognize many of the respiratory system’s common ailments, but their knowledge can only go so far. Your physician will recommend you to the best pulmonologist in Delhi for anything more severe than an infection. The specialist will study your symptoms and run tests to find out what the problem is. The problem could reside in your sinuses, your trachea, or the bronchioles and alveoli in your lungs.

It takes the expertise of a specialist to study the report and treat disease. Conducting the correct diagnosis is crucial to treat the disease on time. Needless to say, the choice of the best respiratory medicine hospital in Delhi plays a vital role in treating your disease in time.

Furthermore, the pulmonologist at the Best Pulmonary Medicine Hospital in Delhi will ensure the best treatment. They will recommend any surgical procedures, operative and postoperative, only when required. This shows the authenticity and genuine care of Saroj Hospital towards their patients.

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